PURPOSE OF STUDY

A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and all pupils should be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils should be encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They should be encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes.

Aims

The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

 

CURRICULUM MAPS

- What is the job of the circulatory system and what us it made up of?
- What nutrients do our bodies need and where can we get them from?
- How do the Earth and Moon move in space?
- Why does the Moon appear to change shape?
-What do we find in the solar system?
-How do we get night and day and the seasons?

- How can we make and draw electrical circuits?
- What happens when we change components in a circuit?
- How can we model electrical circuits?
- What properties do materials have and how can they be useful?
- What properties do materials have and how do we describe them using scientific vocabulary?
- What are the 3 states of matter and what are their properties?
- What happens when matter is heated or cooled?

- What is energy?
- What forms of energy are there and how can they be transformed?
- How can energy transformations be represented diagrammatically?
- How can we calculate power?
- What are renewable and non-renewable resources and how can they be used to generate electricity?
- How does light travel?
- How does light behave when it hits a surface?
- What happens to light when it passes through mediums of varying densities?
- How do we get colours from light?
- How does sound travel and what happens and how can sounds be changed?

- What is energy?
- What forms of energy are there and how can they be transformed?
- How can energy transformations be represented diagrammatically?
- How can we calculate power?
- What are renewable and non-renewable resources and how can they be used to generate electricity?
- How are biological characteristics passed from one generation to the next?
- What is evolution?
- How can individuals be affected by the environment and inheritance?
- What is survival of the fittest and how does it affect future generations?
- What is extinction and what causes it?

- How can living organisms be classified?
-Who was Linnaeus? What did he do?
-5 kingdoms system & characteristics of each
-How can keys be used to help to identify organisms?
-What are forces and how can we measure them?
-How can we represent forces in diagrams?
- What happens when forces are balanced and unbalanced?

- What is variation and what causes it?
- How are organisms adapted to their habitat?
- What is a fossil and how are they useful in developing scientific ideas?
- How does adaptation to habitats lead to the survival of the fittest?
- What are luminous and nonluminous objects?
- What happens to light when it hits a surface?
-How do we see?
- How are shadows made?

- What are the properties of acids and alkalis?
- What is the pH scale and how can we use indicators?
- What is neutralisation and how can it be useful?
- Why and how do we breathe?
- What are gas exchange surfaces in plants and animals and where are they found?
- What is respiration?
- What happens in photosynthesis?
- What is speed and how can it be calculated?
- What do distance time graphs represent?
- What is weight, gravity, mass and how are they linked?
-What affects gravitational strength & weight?

- What is the difference between heat and temperature?
- What happens to materials during heating?
- What are exothermic and endothermic reactions?
- What are the roles of nutrients in a balanced diet?
- What are enzymes are why are they important in digestion?
-What is the structure of the digestive system and how does the digestive process work?
- How are nutrients transported around the body?
- How does heat move in materials?
- What are exothermic and endothermic reactions?

- What happens during the lifecycles some organisms?
- What are the parts of a plant for?
- How are seeds dispersed?

- What is dissolving?
- Which materials are soluble and insoluble?
- How can we separate mixtures?
- What is the purpose of the skeleton?
- What is the role of joints in movement?
- What is burning?
- What are irreversible and reversible reactions?

- What are the life processes?
- What are living organisms made of?
- How do the male and female reproductive systems work?
- How does a foetus develop from fertilisation to birth?
- What are endothermic and exothermic reactions?
- What are combustions and thermal decomposition reactions?

- How can the size and direction of forces be represented in diagrams?
- How do pairs of forces act together?
- What is Hooke’s Law?
- What is pressure?
- Why do objects float and sink?
- What is work and how can it be calculated?
- Why are levers and pulleys used?
- How can mixtures be separated using simple techniques?
- What is chromatography and how can it be used?
- What is distillation how can it be used?

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